In 2019, it was estimated at 1,147,532, making it the Commonwealth's most populous jurisdiction, with around 13% of Virginia's population.  General Assembly of Virginia authorizes the formation of Fairfax County from Prince William County Sunday, December 16, 1742 First court convenes in Fairfax County near current day Tysons Corner Friday, April 16, 1745 Fairfax County has a gross county product of about $95 billion. For the city with the same name, see, Places adjacent to Fairfax County, Virginia. Welcome to Fairfax County's Real Estate Assessment Site. The Fairfax County Sheriff's Office, officially the Fairfax County Office of the Sheriff, serves a population of 1,116,897 residents in Fairfax County, Virginia, a Northern Virginian suburb of Washington, D.C. Older buildings and neighborhoods in Fairfax County are part of Fairfax County's "heritage resources" and are economic and social investments that pay dividends.  The Fairfax family name is derived from the Old English phrase for "blond hair" – Fæger-feax. As of the 2010 census the population was 22,565, which had risen to an estimated 24,019 as of 2019. There are also two national protected areas that are inside the county at least in part, including the Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge, the George Washington Memorial Parkway, and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. festival held in June at the Fairfax County Government Center in Fairfax City, the Northern Virginia Fine Arts Festival held in May at the Reston Town Center in Reston, and the International Children's Festival held in September at the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, which features a performing arts center outside the town of Vienna. The City of Fairfax began as the Town of Providence in 1805, a community built around the Fairfax County Courthouse, completed in 1800 at the corner of Little River Turnpike and Ox Road. In 1870 there were 28 schools for white students and 13 schools for African-American students, employing a total of 44 teachers. The county maintains many miles of bike trails running through parks, adjacent to roads and through towns such as Vienna and Herndon. Most of the county lies in the Piedmont region, with rolling hills and deep stream valleys such as Difficult Run and its tributaries. Their villages, as recorded by Captain John Smith in 1608, included Namassingakent and Nemaroughquand on the south bank of the Potomac River in what is now Fairfax County. Every weekday, Tysons draws over 100,000 workers from around the region. Paul VI Catholic High School is the Diocese run Catholic High School for Fairfax County. Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) serves Fairfax County with campuses in Annandale and Springfield a center in Reston which is a satellite branch of the Loudoun campus. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor!  Fairfax County has a higher concentration of high-tech workers than Silicon Valley.. Cecil C. Swink on August 23, 1971 and interviewed on October 28, 1972 C. C. Swink (1895-1981) was the son of E.F. Swink owner of Swink's Mill. However, in the 2000 census it was overtaken by Douglas County, Colorado. The City of Fairfax began as the Town of Providence in 1805, a community built around the Fairfax County Courthouse, completed in 1800 at the corner of Little River Turnpike and Ox Road. 21.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The Town of Fairfax became a City in 1961 and matured into an urban village with a strong sense of community. Manassas Regional Airport, in neighboring Prince William County, is also used for regional cargo and private jet service. Nevertheless, the Postal Service has long considered several portions of Fairfax County to be unincorporated Falls Church and Fairfax City. rated "F" or worst for congestion. Search and apply for the latest History jobs in Chantilly, Fairfax County, VA.  In 2012, the median household income in Fairfax County was $108,439. The plan calls for a private-public partnership and a grid-like street system to make Tysons a more urban environment, tripling available housing to allow more workers to live near their work. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. The church parish and the county court framed both politics and everyday life. TJHSST consistently ranks at or near the top of all United States high schools due to the extraordinary number of National Merit Semi-Finalists and Finalists, the high average SAT scores of its students, and the number of students who annually perform nationally recognized research in the sciences and engineering. The western valley is floored with more recent shale and sandstone. On April 17, 1963, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors adopted an ordinance to create a uniform system for numbering properties and buildings in Fairfax County. Virginian colonists from the Northern Neck region drove the Doeg out of this area and into Maryland by 1670. . . Former Governor Tim Kaine, running for the U.S. Senate in 2012, carried Fairfax County with 61% percent of the vote as part of his statewide victory. Fairfax County Historic Sites: See reviews and photos of 10 historic sites in Fairfax County, Virginia on Tripadvisor. The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail runs through Fairfax County, offering one of the region's best, and safest, routes for recreational walking and biking. The region once included what is now Loudoun County, along with Arlington County and the cities of Alexandria and Falls Church. However, in recent years Democrats have made significant inroads, gaining control of the Board of Supervisors and the School Board (officially nonpartisan) as well as the offices of sheriff and Commonwealth attorney. Immerse yourself into world-class art, exciting history, and mind-bending science. Check out the best museums in Fairfax County to visit in 2021. Further, Fairfax County supported Hillary Clinton with 64.4% of the vote to Trump's 28.6%, mirroring a heavy swing towards Democrats in Northern Virginia. Parts of several apartment complexes are also located on some of the airport's former grounds. Democrats represent all three districts with Jennifer Wexton representing the 10th District, Don Beyer representing the 8th District, and Gerry Connolly representing the 11th District. At the time of first European encounter, the inhabitants of what would become Fairfax County were an Algonquian-speaking sub-group called the Taux, also known as the Doeg or Dogue. , As of the 2000 census, the thirteen largest communities of Fairfax County are all unincorporated CDPs, the largest of which are Centreville, Reston, and McLean, each with a population exceeding 45,000. Democrats also hold all of the Fairfax seats in the Virginia House of Delegates and every seat in the Senate. , Fairfax was the first U.S. county to reach a six-figure median household income and has the second-highest median household income of any county-level local jurisdiction in the United States after neighboring Loudoun County. In addition to the Board of Supervisors, three constitutional officers; the Commonwealth's attorney, clerk of the Circuit Court and sheriff, as well as the 12 members of the Fairfax County School Board, are directly elected by the voters of Fairfax County. In its assessment of human services in the county, the Fairfax County Goals Advisory Commission found that the county did not have a comprehensive human services plan to establish, review, and coordinate service needs, resource requirements, funding allocations, and priorities across all human service agencies. Fairfax was incorporated in 1888. However, compared to other regions of the Washington area, Fairfax County has a dearth of designated bike lanes for cyclists wishing to commute in the region. According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates for 2005, it had the second-highest median household income behind neighboring Loudoun County, at $94,610. For more than 50 years, FEA has served as the voice of Fairfax County teachers with our legislators at home and in Richmond, with county officials, with members of the school board, the superintendent and his staff. Vernon Nights, Nottoway Nights, Spotlight by Starlight, Sounds of Summer and Starlight Cinema..  The National Zoo is located nearby in Washington, D.C. 12000 Government Center Pkwy On November 4, 2008, Fairfax County continued its shift towards the Democrats, with Barack Obama and Mark Warner each garnering over 60% of the vote for president and U.S. Senate, respectively. These Democratic victories mirrored the Democratic ticket's sweep of the state's three executive offices for the first time since 1989. It was named after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693–1781), proprietor of the Northern Neck. The Reston Zoo is in Reston, Virginia. Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County. Also, the Fairfax-anchored 11th District United States House of Representatives seat held by Thomas M. Davis for 14 years was won by Gerry Connolly, the Democratic Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. Helen Lee Tyrrell on July 2, 2014 Helen Lee Tyrell grew up in … Other communities within Fairfax County are unincorporated areas. The EagleBank Arena (originally the Patriot Center), on the Fairfax campus of George Mason University just outside the City of Fairfax, hosts concerts and shows.  The area formerly occupied by the airport is now mainly used as a shopping center with the western end of the complex occupied by the Thomas Jefferson branch of the Fairfax County Public Library system. In the area, this is second to Washington's 658,505 jobs in 2005 (down from 668,532 in 1990). Fairfax County History Fairfax County, founded in 1742, was named for Lord Thomas Fairfax who received a land grant of five million acres from King Charles II of England. The facility's 2,650 foot unpaved runway was used extensively by private pilots and civil defense officials. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000", Fairfax County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau, "WTOP: Washington, DC's Top News, Traffic, and Weather", "Fairfax County high school ranked the best in the nation; two other county schools...", "Hilton Hotels picks Fairfax County for new HQ Read more: Hilton Hotels picks Fairfax County for new HQ – Los Angeles Business from bizjournals", "Fortune 500: Our Annual Ranking of America's Largest Corporations", "Hispanic businesses boosting Fairfax County", "Microsoft's Bill Gates Selects March 13 NVTC Titans Breakfast as Forum for Providing...", "Meg Whitman, Former CEO and President of eBay Addresses Crowd of Approximately 800 at NVTC's TechCelebration Annual Banquet", "High-Tech, High-Income, High-Polluting Virginia", "Why Virginia's Become Mecca For Military Contractors", "Silver Line To Dulles Wins Crucial Federal Okay", "Industry Dynamics in the Washington, D.C. area: has a second job core emerged? 1742--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from Prince William County. Fairfax County, Virginia - The history of Fairfax County is rich dating back 275 years. The NVCC Alexandria campus borders Fairfax County. Helen Lee Tyrrell on July 2, 2014 Helen Lee Tyrell grew up in Dunn Loring in the 1930s-1940s. Life was first organized around the Truro Parish in 1732. The nearby Center for the Arts at George Mason is a major year-round arts venue, and the Workhouse Arts Center in Lorton, Virginia includes studios for artists, event facilities for performing groups, and gallery exhibitions in addition to hosting the annual Clifton Film Festival. To change the language of this website, click the drop-down list and select the desired language. In the 2016 general election, Fairfax continued its trend towards Democratic candidates. Reverts to original layout including graphics and images. October 14, 1905. By 1900, there were a total of 99 schools spread throughout the county. Gunston Hall, the home of George Mason is nearby. The heritage charm goes beyond just the monuments; you can experience the impact of this region’s rich past by taking in the architecture, local celebrations, and seeing the pride of the residents that honor it … The county is partially bounded on the north and east by Arlington County and the independent cities of Alexandria and Falls Church. George Mason University is located just outside the city of Fairfax, near the geographic center of Fairfax County. An area of 11 square miles (30 km2) of the county is known to be underlain with natural asbestos. The City of Fairfax, colloquially known as Fairfax City, Downtown Fairfax, Old Town Fairfax, Fairfax Courthouse, or simply Fairfax, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Fairfax County History. The federal government's growth during and after World War II spurred rapid growth in the county and made the county increasingly suburban. Fairfax County is member of the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority. However, as a Governor's School, TJHSST draws students not only from Fairfax County, but also Arlington, Loudoun, Fauquier, and Prince William counties, as well as the City of Falls Church. The Fairfax County Asian American History Project: A Contemporary History Honoring 143 Years of Asian Residents in Fairfax County: Ms. Corazon Sandoval Foley: 9781451537628: Books - … From 1945 to 1961, the eastern part of Fairfax County hosted Falls Church Airpark, an airfield primarily used for general aviation and civil defense purposes until encroaching residential development forced its closure. The county's economy is supported by the Fairfax County Economic Development Authority, which provides services and information to promote Fairfax County as a leading business and technology center. He served on the Fairfax County History Commission for many years. Alexandria County was returned to Virginia in 1846, reduced in size by the secession of the independent city of Alexandria in 1870, and renamed Arlington County in 1920. congested traffic area in the It also draws 55,000 shoppers every weekday as it is home to neighboring super-regional malls Tysons Corner Center and Tysons Galleria. Full-time, temporary, and part-time jobs. nation, in terms of percentage of Communities closer to Washington, D.C., generally favor Democrats by a larger margin than outlying communities.  Fairfax County contains an exclave unincorporated area in the central business district of the City of Fairfax, in which many county facilities (including the courthouses and jail) are located.. These clays contribute to soil instability, leading to significant construction challenges for builders. , Fairfax County's average weekly wage during the first quarter of 2005 was $1,181, which is 52% more than the national average. Other large businesses continued to settle in Fairfax County and the opening of Tysons Corner Center spurred the rise of Tysons Corner. , For instance, during the construction of Centreville High School a large amount of asbestos-laden soil was removed and then trucked to Vienna for the construction of the I-66/Nutley Street interchange. Summy in the Town of Vienna. Virginia law dictates that no unincorporated area of a county may be incorporated as a separate town or city following the adoption of the urban county executive form of government. ), The following localities within Fairfax County are identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as (unincorporated) Census-designated places:, The population ranking of the following table is based on 2020 estimates by the United States Census Bureau. The county also is served by WMATA's Metrobus service. This geology is similar to adjacent bands of rocks in Maryland and further south in Virginia along the eastern front of the Appalachians. Bamberger, Shelomoh, ha-Le?vi, Waters-Son, and West & Johnston. stuck in traffic. Fairfax County contracts its bus service called the Fairfax Connector to Transdev. Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the only member of the British nobility ever to reside in the colonies, lived at Belvoir before he moved to the Shenandoah Valley. , Coordinates: 38°50′N 77°17′W / 38.83°N 77.28°W / 38.83; -77.28, This article is about the county. The Oakcrest School is a Catholic school in Fairfax County, which is not run by the Diocese. Several portions of the county also have Alexandria mailing addresses; in this case, many locals refer to these neighborhoods collectively as "South Alexandria", "Lower Alexandria", or "Alexandria, Fairfax County. A more recent report from the 2007 American Community Survey indicated that poverty in Fairfax County, Virginia had risen to 4.9%. This site provides assessed values and physical characteristics for all residential and commercial properties. Click on one of the property search links above to search by address, by tax map reference number, or by doing a map search. Alexandria Gazette Photograph Collection (Index) Photographs in this collection span the years 1953-1993, the bulk of which are from 1970-1986. By 1900, there were a total of 99 schools spread throughout the county. The oldest settlements in Fairfax County were along the Potomac River. Free, fast and easy way find a job of 1.671.000+ postings in Chantilly, Fairfax County, VA and other big cities in USA. Information is provided for complaints closed within one year and is updated in real-time. These sites and buildings also tell the history of the built environment in the county, which includes Native American hunting camps and long-term settlements, the tidewater plantations of George Washington and George Mason, Civil and Spanish-American War campsites and training grounds, as well as the 20th century planned town of Reston and its 19th century counterpart Dunn Loring. Eleanor Washington Howard, the Virginia State Regent, attended and named the new chapter after the county in which it was organized. Northern Virginia residents spend George Washington settled in Fairfax County and built his home, Mount Vernon, facing the river. Fairfax County Virginia is located in northern Virginia, Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County.  The types of jobs available in the area make it very attractive to highly educated workers. Fairfax County Public Schools operated as one school system with two sets of schools defined by race. This resulted in the renaming of existing street names and the naming of unnamed streets. The 1950’s transformed Fairfax into an important suburban community for Washington DC. In 2012, Fairfax County solidly backed Barack Obama for re-election as president, with Obama nearly equaling his 2008 performance thereby winning the county 59.6% to 39.1%. The county is thus predominantly suburban in character, with some urban and rural pockets. US Maddys: An Account of the Family in England and the Descendants of William Maddy of Fairfax County, Virginia and James Maddy of Fairfax and Orange Counties, Emigrants. The ethnic makeup of the county was: In 2000, there were 350,714 households, of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. The median income for a household in the county was $81,050, and the median income for a family was $92,146; in a 2007 estimate, these figures rose to $102,460 and $120,804, respectively. Three incorporated towns, Clifton, Herndon, and Vienna, are located entirely within Fairfax County.. Native American History. Historic Fairfax City Inc. (HFCI) is dedicated to promoting the appreciation and preservation of the history and artifacts of the City of Fairfax as an experience central to the lives of the community. The technology boom and a steady government-driven economy also created rapid growth and an increasingly growing and diverse population.  In 2008, Loudoun County reclaimed the first position, with Fairfax County a statistically insignificant second. After years of stalling and controversy, the $5.2 billion expansion of the Washington Metro Silver Line in Virginia from Washington, D.C., to Dulles International Airport received funding approval from the Federal Transit Administration in December 2008. Elevations in the county range from near sea level along the tidal sections of the Potomac River in the southeast portion of the county to more than 500 feet (150 m) in the Tysons Corner area. Fairfax County is bounded on the north and southeast by the Potomac River. The county seat is Fairfax, although because it is an independent city under Virginia law, the city of Fairfax is not part of Fairfax County. Fairfax is also served by two other airports in the Washington area, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for History of the Fairfax County Police Department: 1921-1990 at Amazon.com. Smaller local art venues include: Several major highways run through Fairfax County, including the Capital Beltway (Interstate 495), Interstate 66, Interstate 95, and Interstate 395. Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Part of Northern Virginia, Fairfax County borders both the City of Alexandria and Arlington County and forms part of the suburban ring of Washington, D.C. Together, they authored the Fairfax Resolves in 1774, a proclamation of colonists’ rights. It grew out of the Landmarks Preservation Committee established in 1965. Anna Barber King had previously been appointed chapter regent by Eleanor … In 1945, for the Humanities State-Recognized Tribes of Virginia largest location federal..., a minority of Fairfax became a City in 1961 and matured into important... 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